This Resource Center curates the growing number of publications and resources that highlight the effectiveness of small water enterprises. This is a step toward building a community of practice that harnesses the know-how, market knowledge, and resources needed to improve and scale small water enterprises globally. We value the sharing of information, and invite you to e-mail us with any materials you believe will be helpful to others.
The Untapped Potential of Decentralized Solutions to Provide Safe, Sustainable Drinking Water at Large Scale
Dalberg Jan. 2017
This report argues that new approaches are needed to achieve the U.N. Sustainable Development Goal 6.1 by 2030. Through the analysis of 14 different small water enterprises, the report uncovers bottlenecks to scale and sustainability.
Written by Safe Water Network's India Country Director, Ravindra Sewak, this article argues that India’s national water policies should recognize and adequately address the country’s significant water challenges, and include plans for the future.
Cost of Providing Sustainable Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Services: An initial assessment of LCCA in Andhra Pradesh
Reddy, R., Batchelor, C.
WASH service levels remain low in India because more focus is put on capital expenditure than operational expenditure, hence, quantity and quality of service becomes inadequate. This paper looks at life-cycle cost approaches, so as to avoid deterioration of services.
Packaged Water: Optimizing Local Processes for Sustainable Water Delivery in Developing Nations
Globalization and Health
With a lack of reliable water services in developing countries, people rely on packaged water. This water does not meet international standards for safety, and is often simply disregarded as a water source. However, it's use is widely prevalent and deserves focus to improve standards.
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Interventions to Combat Childhood Diarrhoea in Developing Countries
Waddington, H., Snilstveit, B., White H., and Fewtrell, L.
The results of this study challenge the notion that water quality treatment in the household (at point-of-use) and sanitation ‘software’ (hygiene) interventions are necessarily the most efficacious and sustainable interventions for promoting reduction of diarrhoea.
Fluoride in Groundwater: Evaluation of Removal Methods
Saxena K. L., Sewak R. and Stea R.
International Journal of Development Research
Widespread fluoride contamination of groundwater has increased incidence of fluorisis. The methods to remove excess fluoride are often cumbersome and expensive. Treatment technologies have several drawbacks and should only be used when there is no other option of fluroide free water available.
International Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Vol 6(7); 1084-1099
Livestock waste has become a large contributer to contamination of water, making it dangerous to human health if consumed or used for washing. Animal production is increasing due to a multiplying population, becoming an increasing threat to water bodies. This article provides possible solutions.
When Are Mobile Phones Useful for Water Quality Data Collection An Analysis of Data Flows and ICT Applications among Regulated Monitoring Institutions in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Kumpel, E., Peletz, R., Bonham, M., Fay, A., Cock-Esteb, A., Khush, R.
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Vol 12, 10846-10860
This study reveals that water quality testing occurs in labs and not at the water sources, therefore, mobile phone-based data will help institutions collect data from multiple labs and offices. This will likely improve the effectiveness and sustainability of such an intervention.
Mobile for Development Utilities: Improving Water Service Delivery Through Mobile Data Collection
Inefficient water delivery services have led to consumers in mostly sub-Saharan Africa and Asia without access to improved drinking water. Mobile technology is now being used to collect and share data on water functionality and use, hoping to improve water service delivery.
Making Water Work: Small Water Enterprises Provide Communities Access to Safe Drinking Water
Skoczlas Cole, A., Soderlund, K.
Water Quality Products
As the global water sector begins to focus not only on the number of people with access to water, but the quality dimensions of that access, this paper examines small water enterprises as a means to provide affordable, safe water to those most in need.
This guide has the researched and tested methods of Safe Water Network in providing sustainable water systems in developing nations. Such systems often face barriers in quality, financial sustainability, ownership, and inclusiveness, which the organization has managed to overcome with experience.