This Resource Center curates the growing number of publications and resources that highlight the effectiveness of small water enterprises. This is a step toward building a community of practice that harnesses the know-how, market knowledge, and resources needed to improve and scale small water enterprises globally. We value the sharing of information, and invite you to e-mail us with any materials you believe will be helpful to others.
The Untapped Potential of Decentralized Solutions to Provide Safe, Sustainable Drinking Water at Large Scale
Dalberg Jan. 2017
This report argues that new approaches are needed to achieve the U.N. Sustainable Development Goal 6.1 by 2030. Through the analysis of 14 different small water enterprises, the report uncovers bottlenecks to scale and sustainability.
Interventions to Improve Water Quality for Preventing Diarrhoea: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Clasen, T., Schmidt, W., Rabie, T., Roberts, I., Cairncross, S.
This study assesses the effectiveness of interventions to improve the microbial quality of drinking water in preventing diarrhea. Some evidence found that household interventions were significantly more effective in preventing diarrhea than sanitation and hygiene interventions.
Water Stories: Expanding Opportunities in Small-Scale Water and Sanitation Projects
Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars
Environmental Change and Security Program
This report discusses the importance and ways to scale up and increase the efficiency of small water enterprises, including a number of household treatment and storage methods, the importance of involving communities and the challenges of overcoming poor policy.
Cost-Effectiveness of Water Quality Interventions for Preventing Diarrhoeal Disease in Developing Countries
Clasen, T., Haller, L., Walker, D., Bartram, J., Cairncross, S.
Journal of Water and Health
This paper compares non-piped water sources to four types of household based interventions by cost-effectiveness. Results showed that household based chlorination was most cost-effective where there were limited resources. Generally, all source and household based interventions were cost-effective.
Planning for Drinking Water and Sanitation in Peri-Urban Areas
Swedish Water House
Peri-urban communities are growing rapidly in developing countries. In each locality, the growth, culture, and problems are unique, therefore water and sanitation provision strategies need to be contextualized to improve individual communities.
Private and Social Enterprise Engagement in Water and Sanitation for the Poor: A Systematic Review of Current Evidence
Enterprise in WASH
Small water enterprises are emerging as key players of safe water delivery. This report assesses their effectiveness, sustainability, and quality of service. Most providers are personally invested in their local communities, which gives the business a natural ability to succeed.
Tackling Corruption in the Water and Sanitation Sector in Africa: Starting the Dialogue
Plummer, J., Cross, P.
Water and Sanitation Program
Even if additional finances become available to help African countries meet their water demand, leakage of existing resources causes problems. This report explores the extent of corruption in the water sector, and the potential anti-corruption mechanisms.
Public-Private Partnerships in Water Supply and Sanitation –Recent Trends and New Opportunities
The World Bank
Public-private partnerships have increased in recent years. The public sector provides policy and regulatory frameworks whereas the private sector provides the capital and experience. International agencies such as the World Bank have facilitated and encouraged the growth of such partnerships.
International Institute for Environment and Development; Vol 18 (2), 333-351
This paper notes that water and sanitation services for peri-urban communities are rarely driven by formal policy. Instead, the poor populations in these regions are forced to pay market prices to for-profit companies that become their only source of water.
Drinking Water and Sanitation in Rural Maharashtra: A Review of Policy Initiatives
Forum for Watershed Research and Policy Dialogue
There is a looming threat of a water shortage in India as the population increases and water sources are depleted. It is important to invest in cost-effective technologies, communities and local institutions, and empowering women in order to effectively provide water to the vast population.
Implementation, Critical Factors and Challenges to Scale-Up of Household Drinking Water Treatment and Safe Storage Systems
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Household drinking water treatment and safe storage systems empower people to attain the basic human right of drinking safe water. Scale-up of these technologies is important, and WHO has expanded its recommendations to include making more resources available to program implementers.