Water Essentials

The Untapped Potential of Decentralized Solutions to Provide Safe, Sustainable Drinking Water at Large Scale

Dalberg
Jan. 2017
This report argues that new approaches are needed to achieve the U.N. Sustainable Development Goal 6.1 by 2030. Through the analysis of 14 different small water enterprises, the report uncovers bottlenecks to scale and sustainability.

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Household Water Treatment and Safe Storage: Measurement and Private Sector Participation

Safe Water Network
Oct. 2017

This report describes an assessment of household water treatment and safe storage (HWTS) promotional activities carried out by the Government of Ghana and UNICEF, in collaboration with Safe Water Network, in an effort to identify strategies and guidelines, the skill capability of HWTS promoters, and private-sector participation in HWTS promotion.

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Har Ghar Jal by 2030: Current Status and Next Steps

Sewak P., Chowdhury S., Ghosh P.
Safe Water Network
Jun. 2017

This report, prepared by Safe Water Network India and KMPG in consultation with and under the guidance of the Government of India's Ministry of Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation. This report is a critical step in designing policy intervention of the National Rural Drinking Water Program as the country focuses on reaching safe drinking water for all by 2030.

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Water Sector, Business and the Need

Ravindra Sewak
EverythingAboutWater
Jun. 2017

Written by Safe Water Network's India Country Director, Ravindra Sewak, this article argues that India’s national water policies should recognize and adequately address the country’s significant water challenges, and include plans for the future.

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Spare Parts Supply Chain Study for Piped Water Systems

Dr. Kwabena Biritwum Nyarko, Dr. Eugene Appiah-Effah
Safe Water Network, UNICEF
Apr. 2017

This report, developed in partnership with Safe Water Network and UNICEF, seeks to strengthen the operational sustainability of water systems by examining the supply chain of spare parts.

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Packaged Water: Optimizing Local Processes for Sustainable Water Delivery in Developing Nations

Dada, A.
Globalization and Health
Aug. 2016

With a lack of reliable water services in developing countries, people rely on packaged water. This water does not meet international standards for safety, and is often simply disregarded as a water source. However, it's use is widely prevalent and deserves focus to improve standards.

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Cost of Providing Sustainable Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Services: An initial assessment of LCCA in Andhra Pradesh

Reddy, R., Batchelor, C.
WASHCost India
Aug. 2016

WASH service levels remain low in India because more focus is put on capital expenditure than operational expenditure, hence, quantity and quality of service becomes inadequate. This paper looks at life-cycle cost approaches, so as to avoid deterioration of services.

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Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Interventions to Combat Childhood Diarrhoea in Developing Countries

Waddington, H., Snilstveit, B., White H., and Fewtrell, L.
3ie
Aug. 2016

The results of this study challenge the notion that water quality treatment in the household (at point-of-use) and sanitation ‘software’ (hygiene) interventions are necessarily the most efficacious and sustainable interventions for promoting reduction of diarrhoea.

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Fluoride in Groundwater: Evaluation of Removal Methods

Saxena K. L., Sewak R. and Stea R.
International Journal of Development Research
Jul. 2016

Widespread fluoride contamination of groundwater has increased incidence of fluorisis. The methods to remove excess fluoride are often cumbersome and expensive. Treatment technologies have several drawbacks and  should only be used when there is no other option of fluroide free water available.

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Livestock Waste and its Impact on Human Health

Saxena, KL, Sewak, R.
International Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Vol 6(7); 1084-1099
Jul. 2016

Livestock waste has become a large contributer to contamination of water, making it dangerous to human health if consumed or used for washing. Animal production is increasing due to a multiplying population, becoming an increasing threat to water bodies. This article provides possible solutions.

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When Are Mobile Phones Useful for Water Quality Data Collection An Analysis of Data Flows and ICT Applications among Regulated Monitoring Institutions in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Kumpel, E., Peletz, R., Bonham, M., Fay, A., Cock-Esteb, A., Khush, R.
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Vol 12, 10846-10860
Jun. 2016

This study reveals that water quality testing occurs in labs and not at the water sources, therefore, mobile phone-based data will help institutions collect data from multiple labs and offices. This will likely improve the effectiveness and sustainability of such an intervention.

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