Water Essentials

The Untapped Potential of Decentralized Solutions to Provide Safe, Sustainable Drinking Water at Large Scale

Jan. 2017
This report argues that new approaches are needed to achieve the U.N. Sustainable Development Goal 6.1 by 2030. Through the analysis of 14 different small water enterprises, the report uncovers bottlenecks to scale and sustainability.



Investing to Overcome the Global Impact of Neglected Tropical Diseases: Third WHO Report on Neglected Tropical Diseases.

Jan. 2015

WHO recommends an integrated approach to reduce neglected tropical diseases, and safe water and sanitation are part of that approach. NTDs are disproportionately influenced by environmental determinants of health such as water. Chronic NTD conditions are worsened by lack of sufficient clean water.

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Poverty Reduction in Ghana: Progress and Challenges

Molini, V., Paci, Pierella, P.
World Bank Group
Jan. 2015

Ghana has seen rapid GDP growth rate since 2000, stabilizing at 6% in 2006. This is the highest grown rate in sub-Saharan Africa. As a result, there is an increase in access to electricity, sanitation, and clean water even amongst the poor. 71.3% of poor households receive protected water.

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Fluoride Consumption in Endemic Villages of India and Its Remedial Measures

Saxena, KL (Dr)., and Seweak, R.
International Journal of Engineering Science Invention
Jan. 2015

The total ingestion of fluoride is over 1 mg/capita/day from food and tea leaving very little to be ingested from drinking water. It is suggested that the fluoride level per BIS 10500 be reviewed downwards considering the ever increasing fluoride-affected regions in India.

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Off-Grid Business Models: the Business Case for Off-Grid Energy in India

The Climate Group
Jan. 2015
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Water Sector Harmonization and Alignment Study: Assessment of Sector Partnerships in Ghana

Duti, V., Gyasi, K., Kabuga, C., and Korboe, D.
IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre
Dec. 2014

The study assesses the cohesiveness of water sector partnerships in Ghana, with the view to fostering greater consensus around sector management and improving donor alignment with national systems and procedures. It lays out recommendations for government, donors and civil society.

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Community Safe Water Solutions: India Sector Review

Safe Water Network
Oct. 2014

This report identifies the need for community safe water solutions in rural India, reviews current economic and operating models, operating challenges, and funding scenarios for ensuring sustainability and scale-up, and presents recommendations. 

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TrackFin Initiative: Results from Ghana

Esseku, Harold
UN Water Global Analysis and Assessment of Sanitation and Drinking Water; WHO
Sep. 2014

The presentation gives an overview of the WASH sector and how it is financed in Ghana. Total expenditure for WASH has increased, and 70% of this is allocated towards urban water. There is a need for greater involvement of senior government, and improved data tracking.

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Impact Investment: The Invisible Heart of Markets

Social Impact Investment Taskforce
Sep. 2014

By bringing a third dimension, impact, to the 20th century capital market dimensions of risk and return, impact investing has the potential to transform our ability to build a better society for all. Recommendations are addressed to a wide range of actors that can help to grow impact investment.

Accountability in WASH: Explaining the Concept

Jimenez, A., Kjellen, M., Deunff, L.
UNICEF; UNDP; Water Governance Facility; SIWI
Sep. 2014

Universal access to WASH is inhibited by lack of sustainability in most programs/projects. Poor governance, lack of accountability, and corruption exacerbates the problem, and more focus should be put on accountability and enhanced governance to improve the systems.

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Assessing the Impact of Drinking Water and Sanitation on Diarrhoeal Disease in Low- and Middle-Income Settings: Systematic Review and Meta-Regression

Wolf et al.
Tropical Medicine and International Health
Aug. 2014

Results show there are notable differences in illness reduction according to the type of improved water and sanitation implemented. Evidence from well-conducted intervention studies assessing exclusive use of adequate access and supply of safe water is still very limited.

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