Water Essentials

The Untapped Potential of Decentralized Solutions to Provide Safe, Sustainable Drinking Water at Large Scale

Dalberg
Jan. 2017
This report argues that new approaches are needed to achieve the U.N. Sustainable Development Goal 6.1 by 2030. Through the analysis of 14 different small water enterprises, the report uncovers bottlenecks to scale and sustainability.

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Impact of the Provision of Safe Drinking Water on School Absence Rates in Cambodia: A Quasi-Experimental Study

Hunter, P.R., et al.
PLOS ONE
Mar. 2014

This study looks at the role drinking water provision plays in reducing school absenteeism in developing countries. Conducted in Cambodia, this research considers the association between absenteeism and the provision of containers of treated water in schools.

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Impact of the Provision of Safe Drinking Water on School Absence Rates in Cambodia: A Quasi-Experimental Study.

Hunter, P., Risebro, H., Yen, M., Lefebvre, H., Lo, C., Hartemann, P., Longuet, C., Jaquenoud, F.
PLOS ONE, Vol 9, Issue 3
Mar. 2014

This study undertakes the theory that clean water access in school will prevent absenteeism in Cambodia. There was a strong association between provision of safe water delivery and absenteeism. However, the reason for the association is not evident.

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Framework for Assessing and Monitoring Rural and Small Town Water Supply Services in Ghana

Community Water and Sanitation Agency
National Community Water and Sanitation Programme
Mar. 2014

This document presents a list of indicators developed to monitor and evaluate rural and small town water supply service levels, functionality, and performance in Ghana. It also provides the data that needs to be collected in order to assess the indicators.

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Towards a Sustainable Allocation of Potable Water in Ghana: Evidence from Kumasi

Quartey, J.
International Journal of Development and Economic Sustainability, Vol 2, 1-10
Mar. 2014

With growing population and urbanization, there is a lot of time and productivity lost due to time-consuming, labor-intensive, and counter-productive methods to collect water. An efficient water distribution system will reduce time wasted and thus have immense economic and social benefits.

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Factors Contributing to Child Mortality Reductions in 142 Low- and Middle-Income Countries between 1990 and 2010

Bishai et al.
Population Association of America
Mar. 2014

Since 1990, child mortality has declined by 41% worldwide, due  primarily to changes in levels of health determinants, more than changes in their efficacy or impact. The rise in access to clean water accounted for about 15% of observed child mortality decline.

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Safe Water Network in India

Neena Sondhi, Sajjan Raj Singhvi
Harvard Business Review
Feb. 2014

This sales and marketing case study published in the Harvard Business Review considers Safe Water Network's efforts in Nizampally, India to: customize demand-driven solutions for the specific water-related issues of the region; gain support from prominent Indian and international companies; and ensure economic sustainability, which required active local participation and ownership. Note: document must be purchased through the Harvard Business Review. 

Microgrids for Rural Electrification: A Critical Review of Best Practices Based on Seven Case Studies

Schnitzer, D., Lounsbury, D., Carvallo, J., Deshmukh, R., Apt, J., Kammen, D.
United Nations Foundation
Feb. 2014

Microgrids have the potential to provide electricity in rural and peri-urban areas. Electricty can increase productivity in these communities as electric pumps supplying clean drinking water replace manual collection of water which is usually unsafe for consumption and time-consuming.

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Why “Improved” Water Sources are not Always Safe

Shaheed, A., Orgill, J., Montgomery, M., Jeuland, M., Brown, J.
WHO
Jan. 2014

This paper highlights factors that contribute to variability in water safety but may not always be recognized. Problems in adequate quality and quantity of water that are often caused by human behavior may contribute to an increased risk of poor health. 

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Giving Around the Globe

Committee Encouraging Corporate Philanthropy
Jan. 2014

This report is designed to present, explore, and help you and your philanthropy team navigate the regional differences that define our increasingly interconnected world by presenting regional profiles of giving by large companies based in Africa, Asia, Europe, and Latin America.

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Investing in Water and Sanitation: Increasing Access and Reducing Inequalities

UN-Water Global Analysis and Assessment of Sanitation and Drinking Water
Jan. 2014

Between 1990 and 2012, 2.3 billion people globally gained access to an improved drinking water source. However billions lack access to safe water that is reliably and continuously delivered in sufficient quantities, and 1/3 of the global population lives without basic sanitation facilities. 

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