Water Essentials

The Untapped Potential of Decentralized Solutions to Provide Safe, Sustainable Drinking Water at Large Scale

Jan. 2017
This report argues that new approaches are needed to achieve the U.N. Sustainable Development Goal 6.1 by 2030. Through the analysis of 14 different small water enterprises, the report uncovers bottlenecks to scale and sustainability.



TrackFin Initiative: Tracking Financing to Drinking Water- Sanitation and Hygiene.

UN Water; WHO
Jan. 2015

TrackFin Initiative tests a globally accepted method to track financing for the WASH sector at a national level. Initial findings have revealed that no such system exists outside this group, and that countries are interested in tracking the finances of this sector. 

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Benefits and Costs of the Water Sanitation and Hygiene Targets for the Post-2015 Development Agenda

Hutton, Guy
Copenhagen Consensus Center
Jan. 2015

The benefit-cost ratio for basic water supply varies across regions, with global ratios of 3.4 in urban areas and 6.8 in rural areas. Ratios are in general higher for poorer populations. The economic value is due to saved access time, health care, health-related productivity and averted mortality. 

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Benin – Innovative Public Private Partnerships for Rural Water Services Sustainability: A Case Study

Sylvain Adokpo Migan with Tremolet Consulting
Water and Sanitation Program; International Finance Corporation; World Bank Group
Jan. 2015

Benin developed an arrangement for service provision that can move rural water supply along the path towards sustainability. This case study provides evidence of the possibilities for attracting private sector engagement in piped rural water systems, and identifies  sustainability challenges.

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Water Sector Harmonization and Alignment Study: Assessment of Sector Partnerships in Ghana

Duti, V., Gyasi, K., Kabuga, C., and Korboe, D.
IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre
Dec. 2014

The study assesses the cohesiveness of water sector partnerships in Ghana, with the view to fostering greater consensus around sector management and improving donor alignment with national systems and procedures. It lays out recommendations for government, donors and civil society.

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Community Safe Water Solutions: India Sector Review

Safe Water Network
Oct. 2014

This report identifies the need for community safe water solutions in rural India, reviews current economic and operating models, operating challenges, and funding scenarios for ensuring sustainability and scale-up, and presents recommendations. 

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TrackFin Initiative: Results from Ghana

Esseku, Harold
UN Water Global Analysis and Assessment of Sanitation and Drinking Water; WHO
Sep. 2014

The presentation gives an overview of the WASH sector and how it is financed in Ghana. Total expenditure for WASH has increased, and 70% of this is allocated towards urban water. There is a need for greater involvement of senior government, and improved data tracking.

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Impact Investment: The Invisible Heart of Markets

Social Impact Investment Taskforce
Sep. 2014

By bringing a third dimension, impact, to the 20th century capital market dimensions of risk and return, impact investing has the potential to transform our ability to build a better society for all. Recommendations are addressed to a wide range of actors that can help to grow impact investment.

Accountability in WASH: Explaining the Concept

Jimenez, A., Kjellen, M., Deunff, L.
UNICEF; UNDP; Water Governance Facility; SIWI
Sep. 2014

Universal access to WASH is inhibited by lack of sustainability in most programs/projects. Poor governance, lack of accountability, and corruption exacerbates the problem, and more focus should be put on accountability and enhanced governance to improve the systems.

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Assessing the Impact of Drinking Water and Sanitation on Diarrhoeal Disease in Low- and Middle-Income Settings: Systematic Review and Meta-Regression

Wolf et al.
Tropical Medicine and International Health
Aug. 2014

Results show there are notable differences in illness reduction according to the type of improved water and sanitation implemented. Evidence from well-conducted intervention studies assessing exclusive use of adequate access and supply of safe water is still very limited.

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Burden of Disease from Inadequate Water, Sanitation and Hygiene in Low- and Middle-Income Settings: A Retrospective Analysis of Data from 145 Countries

Prüss-Üstün et al.
Tropical Medicine and International Health
Aug. 2014

This study confırms the importance of improving water and sanitation in low- and middle-income settings for the prevention of diarrhoeal disease burden, and underscores the need for better data on exposure and risk reductions that can be achieved with provision of reliable piped water. 

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