Water Essentials

The Untapped Potential of Decentralized Solutions to Provide Safe, Sustainable Drinking Water at Large Scale

Dalberg
Jan. 2017
This report argues that new approaches are needed to achieve the U.N. Sustainable Development Goal 6.1 by 2030. Through the analysis of 14 different small water enterprises, the report uncovers bottlenecks to scale and sustainability.

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Rain Water Harvesting Structures in the Villages of Churu District, Rajasthan

Safe Water Network
Apr. 2014

This case study looks at a 2009 project supported by Safe Water Network to harvest rainwater from rooftops into water tanks (cisterns) in fifty-five villages in Rajasthan’s Churu district, benefitting more than 1,000 families (many of which were below the poverty line).

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A Study on Socio-Economic Status of Project Villages in Rajgarh Block of Churu District, Rajasthan, India for Promoting Rooftop Rainwater Harvesting

Safe Water Network, Institute of Health Management Research
Apr. 2014

This study, conducted by Safe Water Network and India’s Institute of Health Management Research (IIHMR), sought to understand: the social and demographic profile of the project villages in question; the economic profile of people in these project villages; and the social and economic dimensions of the variables related to water, sanitation, and health issues.

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Water on an Urban Planet: Urbanization and the Reach of Urban Water Infrastructure

McDonald, R., et al.
Global Enviornmental Change
Apr. 2014

The first global survey of the large cities’ water sources shows that previous global hydrologic models that ignored urban water infrastructure significantly overestimated urban water stress. However,  one in four cities remain water stressed due to geographical and financial limitations.

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Accessing Water for Domestic Use: The Challenges Faced in the GA West Municipality, Ghana

Adjakloe, Y.
International Journal of Social Science and Humanities Research; Vol 2, Issue 2, 78-91
Apr. 2014

This paper looks at the challenges to water access in the Ga West Municipality located in the Greater Accra Region of Ghana. The results show the major challenges are distance from home to water source, expensive cost of water, and the mode of transportation.

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Beyond the Pipe: Pathway to Local Sustainability

Safe Water Network
Mar. 2014

This note presents an overview of Safe Water Network's conclusions to date on local ownership and management of community water systems. Topics include clustering of water stations for shared oversight and support systems; public-private partnerships; financing solutions; and system technologies.  

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Impact of the Provision of Safe Drinking Water on School Absence Rates in Cambodia: A Quasi-Experimental Study

Hunter, P.R., et al.
PLOS ONE
Mar. 2014

This study looks at the role drinking water provision plays in reducing school absenteeism in developing countries. Conducted in Cambodia, this research considers the association between absenteeism and the provision of containers of treated water in schools.

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Impact of the Provision of Safe Drinking Water on School Absence Rates in Cambodia: A Quasi-Experimental Study

Hunter et al.
PLoS ONE
Mar. 2014

There appears to be a strong association between providing free safe drinking water and reduced absenteeism, though only in the dry season. The mechanism for this association is not clear but may in part be due to improved hydration leading to improved school experience for the children.

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Impact of the Provision of Safe Drinking Water on School Absence Rates in Cambodia: A Quasi-Experimental Study.

Hunter, P., Risebro, H., Yen, M., Lefebvre, H., Lo, C., Hartemann, P., Longuet, C., Jaquenoud, F.
PLOS ONE, Vol 9, Issue 3
Mar. 2014

This study undertakes the theory that clean water access in school will prevent absenteeism in Cambodia. There was a strong association between provision of safe water delivery and absenteeism. However, the reason for the association is not evident.

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Framework for Assessing and Monitoring Rural and Small Town Water Supply Services in Ghana

Community Water and Sanitation Agency
National Community Water and Sanitation Programme
Mar. 2014

This document presents a list of indicators developed to monitor and evaluate rural and small town water supply service levels, functionality, and performance in Ghana. It also provides the data that needs to be collected in order to assess the indicators.

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Towards a Sustainable Allocation of Potable Water in Ghana: Evidence from Kumasi

Quartey, J.
International Journal of Development and Economic Sustainability, Vol 2, 1-10
Mar. 2014

With growing population and urbanization, there is a lot of time and productivity lost due to time-consuming, labor-intensive, and counter-productive methods to collect water. An efficient water distribution system will reduce time wasted and thus have immense economic and social benefits.

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