Water Essentials

The Untapped Potential of Decentralized Solutions to Provide Safe, Sustainable Drinking Water at Large Scale

Dalberg
Jan. 2017
This report argues that new approaches are needed to achieve the U.N. Sustainable Development Goal 6.1 by 2030. Through the analysis of 14 different small water enterprises, the report uncovers bottlenecks to scale and sustainability.

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Chasing for Water': Everyday Practices of Water Access in Peri-Urban Ashaiman, Ghana

Peloso, M., Morinville, C.
Water Alternatives; Vol 7, Issue 1
Jan. 2014

This paper assesses the water access for the Greater Accra Metropolitan Area population. The official water supply system is not sufficient to meet needs, and many households find themselves procuring water from informal suppliers that prove to be more reliable in terms of availability.

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Tapping the Markets: Opportunities for Domestic Investments in Water and Sanitation for the Poor

Sy, J., Warner, R., Jamieson, J.
The World Bank
Jan. 2014

There is a gap in water supply and demand that can be met if governements engage the private sector. The market potential is large, and poor populations are willing to pay for the security of private water services. Their costs and prices can be reduced if scaled, and if policies assist them.

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Evidence-Based Tailoring of Behavior-Change Campaigns: Increasing Fluoride-Free Water Consumption in Rural Ethiopia with Persuasion

Huber, A., Tobias, R., and Mosler, H-J.
Applied Psychology: Health and Wellbeing
Jan. 2014

Two hundred million people worldwide are at risk of developing dental and skeletal fluorosis due to excessive fluoride uptake from their water. Behavior-change campaigns implemented in Ethiopia show interventions are more likely effective if based on evidence and tailored to specific households.

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Output-Based Aid for Delivering WASH Services in Vietnam: Ensuring Sustainability and Reaching the Poor

Nguyen, M., Ljung, P., Nguyen, H.
37th WEDC International Conference, Hanoi, Vietnam,
Jan. 2014

Output-Based Aid (OBA) is used to provide sustainable access to clean water. East Meets West (EMW) - an international NGO - used this aid to successfully complete a WASH project, increasing stakeholder interest in using OBA to help reach WASH goals.

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Safe Water Network: Progress Report 2014

Safe Water Network
Jan. 2014

Safe Water Network operates in markets where incomes are insufficient and inflation is rampant, making sustainability of water systems difficult. By using innovative approaches and field-testing all implementations, the organization aims to standardize the model for easy replication and scalability.

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Success Factors for Reducing Maternal and Child Mortality

Kuruvilla, S., et al.
Bulletin of the World Health Organization
Jan. 2014

Some countries achieve faster progress than other comparable countries in reducing maternal and child mortality, but there is no standard formula. Access to improved water has a high necessity score, indicating improvement in necessary for fast-track progress.

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Giving Around the Globe

Committee Encouraging Corporate Philanthropy
Jan. 2014

This report is designed to present, explore, and help you and your philanthropy team navigate the regional differences that define our increasingly interconnected world by presenting regional profiles of giving by large companies based in Africa, Asia, Europe, and Latin America.

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Water Source and Diarrhoeal Disease Risk in Children Under 5 Years Old in Cambodia: A Prospective Diary-Based Study

Hunter, P.R., et al.
BMC Public Health
Dec. 2013

Using data on diarrhoeal disease risk in Cambodian children under 5 years old, this study raises serious concerns about the validity of assuming protected groundwater is safe water for the purposes of assessing MDG targets. Furthermore, the study suggests that water provided by the NGO 1001 Fontaines provides a safer alternative to groundwater or surface water.

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Small Town Water Services: Trends, Challenges and Models

Adank, M
IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre
Dec. 2013

Since 2007, more people live in urban areas than rural areas. Small towns are expected to grow in number making it essential to understand how to equip them with sustainable water services. There is a growing role for the private sector in providing these services, along with the public sector.

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Sustainable Water Services Delivery Project Report

Fisher, M., Lecker, H., Samani, D., and Apoya, P.
Water and Sanitation for Africa, UNC Water Institute, Conrad N. Hilton Foundation
Oct. 2013

The results of this collaborative assessment show approximately 80% of the water points surveyed were functional - the functionality of older water points decreased by 2% per year of age and  systems collecting a tariff were 40% more likely to be functional than those without a tariff.

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